Essential and Trace Element Contents from Nonea Pulmonarioides by Using Micro-Wave Assisted Digestion, Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

Authors: Faiq H.S. Hussain & Rostam R. Braiem & Fuad O. Abdullah

Abstract:  Determination of elements in the medicinal plants plays a paramount role in the treatment of illness. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) the utilization of traditional medicines spreading not only in the developing countries but, also in the industrial ones, as a complementary way of treatment. In this study, for the first time, some elemental analyses, of Nonea pulmonarioides growing in Kurdistan are carried out using ICP-OES and ICP-MS techniques. The results showed that the contents of the elements such as, B, Ba, Al, Ca, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Ga, K, La, Li, Mn, Nd, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sr, V, Y, Zn and Zr are between 1-100 mg/kg. K has the highest concentration in the aerial components (3980 mg/kg), followed by Ca, Mg, Fe, Al, P and S) (2460, 492, 467, 460, 328 and 260mg/kg) respectively, and are considered as essential elements of aerial components from Nonea pulmonarioides. Low concentrations of Pt were recorded from 0.002 and 0.001mg/kg of aerial parts and roots respectively in N. pulmonarioides. The element analysis by using ICP-MS and ICP OES demonstrated the sensitive methods for determination of elements in N. pulmonarioides. These results can facilitate any study of this medicinal plant as there is not enough cognizance of this plant within the literature.

Keywords: Nonea Pulmonarioides, Medicinal Plants, Elemental Analysis, ICP-MS and ICP-OES
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doi: 10.23918/eajse.v4i4p76


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