Authors: Abdulkareem Al-Othman & Zana Ahmed
Abstract: Metabolic syndrome consists of some risk factors that are associated with heart failure. It has been found that it is significantly associated with mortality in patients having heart failure. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among patients with symptomatic stages C or D of heart failure and find out any possible association of metabolic syndrome with different types of heart failure. Between December 2017 and June 2018; 50 patients were included in a cross-sectional study. Careful history was taken and clinical examination was done to conclude that they fulfill the Framingham’s criteria of heart failure and then trans-thoracic echocardiography was performed to confirm the diagnosis and categorize the patients to have failure with preserved, mid-range and reduced ejection fraction. Waist circumference, plasma glucose, blood pressure and lipid profile checked to find out whether they have metabolic syndrome or not. Statistical analysis was conducted using (version 22) and a p-value <5 % was regarded as statistically significant. Metabolic syndrome was observed in 38 (76%) of the patients, but its prevalence was not statistically different between the types of heart failure; as its prevalence was 83.3 % in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, 75 % in mid-range ejection fraction, and 71.4 % in reduced ejection fraction. Metabolic syndrome is highly existent among patients with heart failure, but there is no considerable difference in its existence among the different types of heart failure.
Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome, Heart Failure, Ejection Fraction, Central Obesity, Dyslipidaemia, Hyperglycaemia, Hypertension, Echocardiography
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